Jayavarman II, the first Emporor of Angkor, built several capitals. His last capital city, and site of the first true state temple-mountain, the Bakong Temple, was at Hariharalaya, present-day Roluos, so that is where this chronology of state temples begins:
|Bakong Temple||Late 9th century CE (881)||Hariharalaya||Jayavarman II|
|Phnom Bakheng Temple||Early 10th century CE (c. 907)||Yashodharapura||Yashovarman I|
|Thom Temple at Koh Ker||921 or 928 CE||Koh Ker||Jayavarman IV|
|Pre Rup Temple||961 CE||Yashodharapura||Rajendravarman II moved the capital back to Yashodharapura in 944 CE|
|Ta Keo||Late 10th – early 11th century CE||Jayendranagari||Jayavarman V|
|Baphuon Temple||Mid 11th century CE (1060)||Yashodharapura||Udayadityavarman II|
|Angkor Wat Temple||First half of the 12th century CE (1113 – 1150)||Angkor Wat Temple||Suryavarman II|
|Preah Khan of Kompong Svay||1150 – 1156 CE||Preah Khan of Kompong Svay||
Yashovarman II moved the capital back to Yashodharapura in 1156 CE.
|Preah Khan Temple||1191 CE||Preah Khan Temple||Jayavarman VII, while he awaited completion of Angkor Thom|
|Bayon Temple||Late 12th – early 13th century CE||Angkor Thom||Jayavarman VII|
The construction of temples in Angkor came to a halt in 1295, but Angkor Thom would remain the capital of the kingdom until 1431 or 1432, when the royal capital was finally abandoned to the Siamese, who drove the Khmers out and made Cambodia a vassal of the Thai Sukhothai Kingdom.
Sambor Prei Kuk was the capital of Ishanavarman I (reign 616 – 635 CE)
Jayavarman I (reign 657 – 690 CE), moved the capital to the region of Angkor Borei near Takeo, in southern Cambodia.
Jayavarman VII retook Vijaya in 1203 and again established it as his regional capital until it fell back into Cham control in 1220 CE.
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